COVID-19: infection control in residential care settings
Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICPs)
- Acts as the basic infection prevention & control measure necessary to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents
- Interrupts the transmission of COVID-19 by stopping the route of transmission via contact & droplets
Safe ways of working for all health and care workers
- Staff should know what PPE they should wear for each setting and context. More information can be found here.
- Staff should have access to the PPE that protects them for the appropriate setting and context – we know this can be a problem and we urge you to discuss it with each individual setting, or discuss with us.
- Gloves and aprons are subject to single-use with disposal after each patient contact.
- Fluid repellent surgical mask and eye protection can be used for a session of work rather than a single patient contact (if appropriate)
- Hand hygiene should be practised and extended to exposed forearms after removing any element of PPE
Use of PPE
- It is always vital to wear PPE when completing any care interventions in the community environment, however, in these times it is essential that PPE is worn. The level of PPE will be determined depending on the environment. For non-symptom displaying service users gloves and aprons are required for any patient care. Ensure that you wash your hands for at least 20 seconds in warm water with soap before and after applying PPE.
- PPE should be put in the hallway or reception area of the home.
- If neither the individual nor the care worker have symptoms of COVID-10 then no personal protective equipment is required above and beyond normal good hygiene practices. Unless the patient is shielding (conditions that require shielding can be found here) then gloves, surgical mask and apron must be worn at all times for their protection.
- The recommended PPE required to be worn where a possible or confirmed case has been identified as disposable gloves, disposable apron and fluid resistant surgical face mask and potentially eye protection. Where a service user is coughing and there is a risk of splashing the use of a visor should be considered and risk assessed.
Aerosol Generating Procedures
The current AGPs in the nursing/residential care setting are:
- Tracheostomy procedures – insertion, removal or open suction
- Non-invasive ventilation (BiPAP or CPAP)
- Ventilation via a tracheostomy
- Cough Assist
Further information on the PPE requirements can be found here.
Procedure for a suspected case of COVID-19 within the care facility:
- Isolation within a care home for a known/suspected case of COVID-19 can be achieved in the resident’s own bedroom
- Residents should remain in their own rooms with the door closed
- Only essential staff should enter the room wearing the appropriate PPE
- Essential in reduction of transmission
Safe Management of Linen
- All laundry should be laundered in line with local policy for infectious linen
- It should be placed in an alginate bag then a clear bag before being removed and placed into the laundry bag
- All linen used by the individual should be treated as infectious
Use of clothing at work
- Do not travel to work in the clothes that you will be wearing during your shift
- If possible, change into your ‘work clothes’ on commencement of shift
- Use different footwear when at work – this will prevent you potentially spreading the virus outside of the work environment
- Prior to leaving the shift, change back into travelling clothes, place work clothes and footwear into a plastic bag
- When home, wash your clothes immediately at 90 degrees
- Avoid shaking your clothes out prior to putting them into the washing machine